HEADLINE: Highest in Southeast Asia, What is Indonesia's Strategy to Press the Covid-19 Case?
Jakarta - Covid-19 Pandemic in Indonesia has not shown any signs of ending. Until now, the spread of cases is still ongoing in a number of areas. The numbers are quite varied and fluctuating. Recorded per day 30 July 2020, positive cases of Covid-19 in Indonesia have reached 56,385. While 24,806 people recovered and died were 2,876 people.
The achievements of this case, make Indonesia firmly at the top of the ASEAN countries with the most Covid-19 cases. Leaving Singapore (46,661) and the Philippines (36,438 cases) ranked second and third in ASEAN.
So, what is the government's effort to stop the pace of this pandemic?
Government Spokesperson for Handling Covid-19 Achmad Yurianto stated, his party focused on doing what was being faced at the moment. According to him, the government has been optimally handling the COvid-19 pandemic.
"Why should it be measured using ASEAN? Why should it be compared with ASEAN countries? There is no point in that," he explained to Liputan6.com , Tuesday (6/30/2020).
According to him, it is not appropriate to compare the number of Covid-19 cases in Indonesia with ASEAN countries, because there are indeed fundamental differences in terms of population between Indonesia and other ASEAN countries.
Yuri said, the handling of Covid-19 in Indonesia had experienced much progress. This can be referred to by the large number of Covid patients who have been successfully cured and the current decline in mortality.
"We cannot evaluate infectious diseases only by accumulating the number of sick people, which is positive. If there is definitely a disease that is cured right? So don't look at the positives. Especially compared to ASEAN. Singaporeans just lose a lot with Jakarta," he explained.
According to Yurianto the most important thing at this time to do would be to run a health protocol. Keep your distance, wear a mask and wash it must have been done without waiting for an appeal from the government.
"You don't need to talk about PSBB. Yogyakarta doesn't use PSBB in controlled cases. Aceh also, the problem is not controlling disease with PSBB but with health protocol," he said.
Yuri added, speaking of Covid-19 at this time it was no longer a matter of new clusters that had sprung up. But local transmission from person to person.
"There are no more clusters. If it happens in the market, are there just people? But no, from everywhere," he said.
Minister of Health Terawan Agus Putranto stated, as an effort to deal with Covid-19, he encouraged the acceleration of domestic production of Covod-19 PCR reagents as well as massive rapid tests.
"We have released the PCR reagents distribution license and rapid diagnostic test at this time," he said at the Bung Karno IV National Webinar 2020 event, Tuesday (6/30/2020).
The license is an effort to fulfill the ventilator, especially in handling Covid-19. The Ministry of Health together with a number of universities and research institutions work together to create ventilator innovations.
"Until now there has been assistance for 36 innovators for the development of ventilators. As many as 4 ventilator innovators have been licensed," he said.
Terawan stated, there was a significant increase related to the production of medical devices for handling the Covid-19 pandemic from February 2020 to the end of June at this time. That's all, he said, to support the availability of medical products for handling Covid-19.
Terawan further urged the community to use telemedicine services or online or remote medical services to minimize the spread of corona in hospital environments, especially medical personnel.
"We have urged hospitals and health facilities to develop and use telemedicine health services to the community," he said.
The rising number of positive cases of Covid-19 has made President Jokowi worry. He also asked his staff to immediately make new breakthroughs that have a major impact on the handling of the current Covid-19 pandemic.
"I ask that we work not linearly. I ask that there is a breakthrough that can be seen by the community and we hope that the breakthrough will really have an impact on the acceleration of this handling. So it is not even," he said at the Merdeka Palace, Jakarta, Monday, June 29, 2020.
Jokowi stated that currently several provinces still have quite high Covid-19 distribution rates. To speed up handling in the province or certain areas, Jokowi asked for additional medical personnel and medical equipment from the center.
Jokowi also asked his staff to supervise and provide guidance for regions that will start towards a period of adaptation to new habits. The central government must step down to provide guidance to the regions regarding the stages that must be passed before reopening public and commercial facilities and activities.
"I also want to see the areas that are starting to enter the new normal. The stages are really passed through whether it is precondition, when the timing is, given guidance, there is guidance from the center so they are not mistaken. There are preconditions, timing accuracy, then the third is which sector priorities are opened. That is really given guidance, "he said.
The former DKI Governor also cautioned against the second wave of corona pandemic. The socialization of the application of the health protocol discipline must be carried out on a large scale by involving elements and community leaders and religion.
"Covid's threat is not over, the threat is still high. Conditions are still changing, it is still very dynamic. Therefore we must guard against a second wave, not a second wave," Jokowi added on the sidelines of a visit in Central Java, Tuesday (30 / 6/2020).
Jokowi added that the Corona problem was not only a matter of health crisis. But also the economic crisis. Because, he saw, fever and supply in the economy disrupted.
"In the first quarter, we still grew to our normal state above 5 (percent), but in the first quarter we grew 2.97 (percent), but in the second quarter, we were very worried that we were in a minus position of our economic growth," Jokowi said .
Therefore, Jokowi requested that he must be careful in managing health and economic crisis management. He wants the gas and the brakes to really be regulated so that the two go hand in hand.
"Do not let it loosen without a brake control so that the economy is good but the Covid is up, that's not what we want, Covid is under control but the economy also does not interfere with people's welfare," Jokowi said.
Jokowi continued, to manage both of them is not easy. Evidently, global was experiencing a recession because of Corona.
"The world is estimated to be contracted in 2020 by -6, to -7.6 what does it mean? The global world has entered into a recession," Jokowi said.
"Therefore, if we can regulate, manage gas and brakes between Covid, health and economy, this is what we expect and it is the responsibility of all of us, not only the Governor, the Regent and the Mayor, but the ranks of the Forkopimda, TNI-Polri, Cluster The task is to really keep it running well, "Jokowi said.
Epidemiology from the University of Indonesia Pandu Riono prevention of corona Covid-19 is actually not difficult. As long as all people are invited to deal with a pandemic together, don't just give orders.
"Initially we have to move the community, then communicate it. Without strong information, people will not understand," Pandu said to Liputan6.com , Tuesday (6/30/2020).
According to Pandu, not a few people who did not understand the reason for wearing masks, including how to wear the correct mask. Education that is not running optimally, lack of public campaigns, and is not carried out systematically ultimately leads to wrong perceptions in the community.
"This should have been done from the beginning. Since March it was done," he said.
The Professor of Epidemiology at the Faculty of Public Health UI continued, the reason PSBB was not optimal was because the community had not been involved since the beginning of the PSBB. People are only told to stay at home, without being given a clear reason to live in an unexpected house for three months.
"Then it is now called new normal or new normal. People think 'Oh, is it normal? This is just normal'. Once the crowd is allowed, people forget that they have to do health protocols," he said.
In fact, continued Pandu, currently conditions in Indonesia are not normal. Because, the number of cases of Covid-19 in the country is still high.
Therefore, it is necessary to be implanted in each individual to always remember '3M', which is wearing a mask, keeping a distance, and washing hands.
"The behavior of the population is sufficient 3M. That has reduced the risk in the midst of these abnormal conditions. Don't say it's normal," he said.
Pandu also regretted the use of the word new normal which was ejected from the government. According to him, there is no need to use these words, because they can provide a different and different perception.
That is why it is important to continuously educate the public. It is not enough if this education is inserted before the Task Force reports the daily number of COVID-19 cases in Indonesia.
Pandu, said, education must also use language that is easily understood and influential community leaders.
"The public campaign is carried out systematically, it cannot be done by only one person and one hour. The message must be conveyed in a language that is easy to understand," Pandu continued.
Pandu, reminded, Indonesia consists of different layers of society. Also the communication model is also not the same between one and the other.
Some like to watch television, some are happy to see Instagram, listen to the radio, and some are happy to watch traditional shows such as wayang or jokes.
Thus, all media should be used to reach these different populations.
"Knowledge of 3M is not enough. It must be familiarized too," he said.
"Getting accustomed, reminded, reminded, so used to it," he said.
He then likens like someone who wants to travel by airplane. When boarding the plane, all passengers are 'considered stupid', and how to wear a seat belt, and be reminded how to take off your seat belt.
"Yes, because of that, we are in a condition full of risks. Just like life now, a life full of risks," he said.
"Let's just say we're on a plane right now, we want to fly far away," he said.
Chairperson of the Association of Public Health Experts (IAKMI) Ede Surya Darmawan said, so far there has been progress in the detection of Covid-19 cases conducted by the government.
"The principle of epidemic management is three, prevention, detection, and response. So in fact in the context of detection more and more people are tested that is good," he told Liputan6, Tuesday (6/30/2020).
Although in the context of a good detection, Ede said, what needed to be done now was strengthening the community.
"For what? For preventive measures so that the tests are not reduced, those that are tested continue to increase, the findings are reduced so," he explained.
So if for this week for example, an average of 20 thousand people have already been tested, then the positive if it can go down from 1,000.
"If it goes down we don't worry about the increasing number of testing, for example the testing may be up to 100,000 per day, no problem," he said.
In addition, another thing that must be balanced is how the community increasingly understands and wants to prevent the spread of Covid-19. "That's the important thing, don't think that the people like now are dangerous, it can be more positive. So it doesn't go down," he said.
In this case, the government must be encouraged so that in addition to a massive test it also makes people aware of all elements to the bottom level.
"Lurah, villages up to RT RW must intensify efforts so people want to prevent it. Do not then have to open the mask, have not washed their hands again, shook hands carelessly so. .
The Corona Covid-19 Virus Pandemic continues to haunt the countries of the world, especially Southeast Asia. Various countries have indeed loosened the policy of social restrictions, but cases are still rising in some countries.
In Indonesia, the new normal order has been echoed, while the daily corona cases are still increasing.
Cases are also still increasing in Singapore. Since the last two months, the majority of cases have come from foreign workers' dormitories.
As of the end of June, following the Corona Covid-19 Virus case in all ASEAN countries based on CoronaTracker data, Tuesday (6/30/2020):
Total cases: 56,385
Corona cases in Indonesia are still consistently increasing every day, even though President Jokowi has allowed the mall to open.
The number and percentage of deaths in Indonesia are also very high in ASEAN.
Total cases: 43,661
Corona Virus patients in Singapore continue to increase due to massive tests at workers' dorms. Meanwhile, cases of local transmission in Singapore have been relatively successfully suppressed.
Singapore also firmly sanctions violators of lockdown rules. Last week, there were a number of foreign workers whose work permits were revoked because they were caught violating cameras.
Total cases: 36,438
The case in the Philippines is relatively high at 36 thousand. President Rodrigo Duterte has implemented a massive quarantine policy to curb the spread of the virus.
President Duterte also had controversy when he ordered officials to shoot rioters at lockdown.
Total cases recovered in the Philippines reached 9,956 cases, and there were 1,255 patients who died.
Total cases: 8,637
The neighboring country of Malaysia has also succeeded in reducing the spread of Corona Virus. Muhyiddin Yassin's government also dared to lockdown for several weeks.
Lockdown in Malaysia has been loosened and various businesses are allowed to open by following the new normal protocol. Residents may also travel outside the area.
Total cases: 3,171
Thailand is one of the ASEAN countries which claims to successfully reduce corona in their countries. Since last May, Thailand has had to report zero cases daily.
Noted, 3056 patients recovered, 58 died, and there is still 1 person who was treated in the ICU.
Total cases: 355
Vietnam had stolen the attention of the international community for completing the corona lockdown without any casualties.
Policies in Vietnam are also very strict. When lockdown, residents are forbidden to just walk out of the house.
Total cases: 299
The first case in Myanmar came from a 36-year-old man who had just returned from the United States, then there was a second case, a 26-year-old man who had just returned from England.
Six people died.
8. Brunei and Cambodia
Total cases: 141
There were 141 cases in Brunei and Cambodia.
In Brunei, almost all patients had recovered, except for one person who was in the ICU. Two people are said to have died.
Meanwhile, 130 people recovered in Cambodia and there have been no reports of patients dying.
Total cases: 19
All Laotian cases are reported to have healed. There are no cases of death in this country.
Laos reported its first case last March. The first case came from a 28-year-old man who had just visited Thailand.