The Right Type of Sports For People With Disabilities
, Jakarta - Limited mobility does not mean that persons with disabilities do not exercise at all. Sports Medicine Specialist, Michael Triangto said that the disabled can still do various sports movements according to the variety of disabilities.
Some types of sports that can be carried out by people with disabilities, according to Michael Trianto are types of mild exercise, repeated, and routinely at certain times. This sports activity is to maintain a healthy heart, lungs, and body immunity.
"The immunity and health curves of a person who exercises when described as in the letter J. Initially flat and then when exercising, the body's immunity is getting better, the disease can be pressed down," Michael Triangto said when interviewed by telephone on Wednesday, May 13, 2020.
Once stopped from routine exercise, he said, a person's body immunity is getting weaker and the potential for virus infection is getting higher, Michael Triangto who is also Director of the Slim and Health Clinic at Mitra Kemayoran Hospital and Taman Anggrek Mall, suggests that some sports that are suitable for people with disabilities, especially the physical and sensory impairments of the blind who have limited mobility.
The following types of exercise are appropriate for people with disabilities according to Michael Triangto:
- Wheelchair pedaling
For people with disabilities wheelchair users or do not have the function of the abdomen down, Michael Triangto suggests exercise by moving the wheelchair forwards and backwards. "Besides being able to train the biceps, triceps, also can train the chest and stomach muscles," he said.
- Move the crutches
Crutches or walking sticks also known as crutches can be a sporting tool for people with disabilities. This movement can be done by difables who have some function of motion in certain body organs.
Michael Triangto gave an example, moving the stick back and forth, up and down, while sitting in a chair. This movement can be done by a person with amputee hands or feet in his spare time.
- Pedaling mini cycles
Mini cycle is a static sports tool in the form of objects with a paddle like a bicycle. The use of the mini cycle can be used by people with physical disabilities after a stroke or someone with partial motion function.
According to Michael Triangto, mini cycles can train certain body parts. For example, only the feet or hands are pedaling for some time and can be done alternately and repeatedly. Its movements are like turning the bicycle pedal.
- Use a static bicycle
The use of static bicycles is very good for people with disabilities who have limited mobility, such as people with visual impairments. When doing this exercise, the disabled person can simply sit on the saddle while pedaling the bicycle for a certain period of time.
"During pedaling, users can adjust the time using a timer, so there is a notification when it has to stop," Michael said.
Persons with disabilities need not force themselves or exercise until they are exhausted. The reason, according to Michael Triangto, sports that are good for both the disabled and non-disabled are movements that apply the basic principles of aerobics. That is, movements that are light, carried out repeatedly, as well as in constant long duration.